Glass painting, the image made of stained glass window panels pieces which are also often painted. Sometimes the word glass mosaic is used but this term mainly covers mosaics made with glass pins. In the West, glass paintings appeared in Carolingian times and they gained early dissemination in the monastic churches of Benedictine.
A glass is a fascinating material that is beautiful and powerful at once. Therefore, for centuries it has been used for decorating, including in the form of beautiful mosaics. Having stained glass up on the walls at home with us has, however, been a very expensive affair so far.
The oldest preserved windows with stained flame glass art (the early 1100s) are found in the cathedral of Augsburg. With the development of the Gothic sacred architecture that began with Abbot Suger’s new construction of Saint-Denis near Paris approx. 1140, the windows rose to the maximum, and the glass paintings dominated the interior, especially in northern Europe. In the north, there are well-preserved windows in several churches in Gotland.
Technique Stained Glass Window Panels
The classical technique of the medieval glass painting consisted of cut pieces of mouth blown. Stained glass in one or more layers possibly. clear glass with red glass coating was joined with lead jars; These sprouts form an essential part of the entire composition of the window and also draw the main contours of the figures.
This happened in connection with the important change in the 13th century from a perception of material light as a radiance of the divine light and some matter inherently to a more worldly and optically emphasized perception where the light lets the matter rise and reveal its surfaces or underlines its translucency.
This means that the early phase of heavily colored and dark windows, where the stained glass panels seem to radiate in itself and leave the sacred history and the church room as a whole with a blur of mysticism, was replaced by lighter and far more transparent windows with extensive use of pig masonry.
This art form was played a major role in the Jugend architecture, and at the beginning of this century. The Norwegian man Emmanuel Vigeland reintroduced the glass painting in ecclesiastical art. In the latter half of the 20th century, many artists have worked with glass painting, such as Jean Bazaine in the Sacré-Coeur church in Audincourt and Marc Chagall in the Hadassah Synagogue in Jerusalem.